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Quantum invisibility cloak hides objects from reality

2013-06-13

Hongsheng Chen at Zhejiang University in China and an international circle of friends have created large-scale invisibility cloaks that work over the entire optical spectrum but can cloak in several directions at once.

Most animals cannot detect phase changes in light. Abandoning the requirement of phase preservation for natural light cloaking opens the door to hide large-scale living creatures.
core-shell nanoparticle with different effective masses

A core-shell nanoparticle with different effective masses and potential energies defined in each region. Quantum matter wave of the transport electron is assumed to propagate along the z-axis.

A cloak that can hide living creatures from sight is a common feature of mythology but still remains unrealized as a practical device. To preserve the phase of wave, the previous cloaking solution proposed by Pendry et al. required transforming electromagnetic space around the hidden object in such a way that the rays bending around it have to travel much faster than those passing it by.
 
The difficult phase preservation requirement is the main obstacle for building a broadband polarization insensitive cloak for large objects. Here, we suggest a simplifying version of Pendry’s cloak by abolishing the requirement for phase preservation as irrelevant for observation in incoherent natural light with human eyes that are phase and polarization insensitive. This allows the cloak design to be made in large scale using commonly available materials and we successfully report cloaking living creatures, a cat and a fish, in front of human eyes.

fish.cloak.illustration

By applying the interplay among the nodal points of partial waves, along with the concept of streamline in fluid dynamics for the probability flux, a quantum invisible cloak to the electron transport in a host semiconductor is demonstrated by simultaneously guiding the probability flux outside the core region and keeping the total scattering cross section negligible. 
As the probability flux vanishes in the interior region, one can embed any material inside a multiple core-shell sphere without affecting physical observables from the outside. Our results reveal the possibility to design a protection shield layer for fragile interior parts from the impact of transports of electrons.
Source:
Institute of Photonics Technologies, National Tsing-Hua University - http://arxiv.org/pdf/1306.2120v1.pdf

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