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Ultra selective process to make valuable chemical from biomass

2013-05-31

Chemical engineers have discovered a new chemical process to make p-xylene, an important ingredient of plastics for products such as soda bottles and packaging, at 90 percent yield from lignocellulosic biomass, the highest yield achieved to date

As Dauenhauer explains, the chemical industry currently produces p-xylene from more expensive petroleum, while the new process will make the same chemical from lower-cost, renewable biomass. He and colleagues call the process "ultraselective" because of its ability to achieve 90 percent selectivity for the desired product. "The biomass-derived p-xylene can be mixed with petroleum-based plastics, and consumers will not be able to tell the difference. But manufacturers and chemical companies will be able to operate more sustainably and at lower cost in the future because of this discovery," he adds.

p-xylene_image

p-xylene

Consumers already know the plastics made from this new process by the triangular recycling label "#1" on plastic containers. Xylene chemicals are used to produce a plastic called PET (polyethylene terephthalate), which is currently used in many products including soda bottles, food packaging, synthetic fibers for clothing and even automotive parts, Dauenhauer says.

The UMass Amherst team's discovery reveals the impact of nano-structured catalyst design on renewable chemical processes. Led by Fan, they examined a large number of nano-porous catalytic materials, including zeolites, investigating their capability for producing p-xylene. A specific material identified as 'zeolite beta' was found to be optimal. "We discovered that the performance of the biomass reaction was strongly affected by the nanostructure of the catalyst, which we were able to engineer and achieve 90 percent yield," Fan says.

Besides Dauenhauer and Fan, the research team includes Chun-Chih Chang, Sara Green and C. Luke Williams, doctoral students in chemical engineering at UMass Amherst.

 

Source:
University of Massachusetts Amherst

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